Exercise 1.3: Line

The Brief

Take a number of shots using lines to create a sense of depth. Shooting with a wide- angle lens (zooming out) strengthens a diagonal line by giving it more length within the frame. The effect is dramatically accentuated if you choose a viewpoint close to the line.

Now take a number of shots using lines to flatten the pictorial space. To avoid the effects of perspective, the sensor/film plane should be parallel to the subject and you may like to try a high viewpoint (i.e. looking down). Modern architecture offers strong lines and dynamic diagonals, and zooming in can help to create simpler, more abstract compositions.

Review your shots from both parts of Exercise 1.3. How do the different lines relate to the frame? There’s an important difference from the point exercises: a line can leave the frame. For perpendicular lines this doesn’t seem to disrupt the composition too much, but for perspective   lines the eye travels quickly along the diagonal and straight out of the picture. It feels uncomfortable because the eye seems to have no way back into the picture except the point that it started from. So another ‘rule’ of photography is that ‘leading lines’ should lead somewhere within the frame.


Sequence 1: These are a number of shots taken over the past couple of weeks, showing the use of perspective within a photograph. The first was taken at a place called tall trees

Image 1: ISO 100, 35mm, F5.6, 1/60sec
Image 2: ISO 100, 45mm, F4, 1/200 sec
Image 3: ISO 100, 29mm, F9, 1/160 sec

Sequence 2: These are the perpendicular shots taken in and around the home, to illustrate a perpendicular approach to the photograph.

Image 1 – Stair: ISO 12800, 70mm, F4, 1/10sec
Image 2 – Frame: ISO 5000, 705mm, F4, 1/80sec
Image 3 – Panel: ISO 2500, 55mm, F46, 1/60sec
Image 4 – Blind: ISO 1250, 35mm, F4, 1/40sec


  • Aperture: ƒ/5.6
  • Camera: Canon EOS 6D Mark II
  • Taken: 9 June, 2019
  • Focal length: 35mm
  • ISO: 100
  • Shutter speed: 1/60s
Continue Reading